Germany Made a Nonaggression Agreement with the Soviet Union: A Brief Overview

One of the critical events leading up to the outbreak of World War II was Germany`s signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in August 1939. This nonaggression agreement between Germany and the Soviet Union undoubtedly shocked the world but ultimately paved the way for Hitler to launch his war against Poland on September 1, 1939. This article aims to provide a brief overview of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, its historical background, and its consequences.


Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler were two of the most prominent dictators of the 20th century, each with their distinct worldviews and political ideologies. However, they shared a common interest: they wanted to expand their territorial domains across Europe. The Soviet Union and Nazi Germany had long been hostile toward each other, particularly since the Soviet Union explicitly opposed fascism. However, Hitler sought to avoid a two-front war by securing a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union, a move that would buy him time to defeat Poland before turning his attention to the West.


On August 23, 1939, the foreign ministers of Germany and the Soviet Union, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov, respectively, signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. The agreement contained two secret protocols, which stipulated the division of Eastern Europe into spheres of influence, with Germany taking the Western part and the Soviet Union the Eastern part. Hitler`s intention was to gain a free hand to conquer and occupy Poland without worrying about Soviet interference.


The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was a significant turning point in European history. It set the stage for the outbreak of World War II by giving Hitler a green light to invade Poland on September 1, 1939. The Soviet Union`s betrayal of its fellow socialists in Czechoslovakia and assistance to Nazi Germany in the invasion of Poland further fueled tensions in Europe, leading to the eventual collapse of the nonaggression treaty.

In Conclusion

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was a significant event in World War II history that contributed to the outbreak of the war. Its far-reaching implications can`t be overstated, as it allowed Hitler to invade Poland and set into motion the eventual downfall of Nazi Germany. Today, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact serves as a reminder of the catastrophic consequences that can result from political expediency and the dangers of appeasement policies.